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Rigging 101 for Masters
Adapting rowing/rigging for masters physiology
September 19, 2020
Marlene Royle and Rebecca Caroe

Masters rowers fundamentally are no different from any other age group. However, regular competitors know that your strength and flexibility changes as you age and so it is helpful to re-assess rigging and boat set up regularly for masters training groups.

Comfort in the Boat

The goal of rowing and sculling boat rigging for masters is twofold:
- Be able to move through the stroke cycle
- Be comfortable while doing it

Let's start by reviewing the parts of a rowing boat which are capable of adjustment and the degree of difficulty involved in changing each.

Oar lengtheasy to change
Oar inboardeasy to change
Oar handle sizemoderately difficult to change
Seat heighteasy to change
Slide / track positionmoderately difficult to change
Foot Stretcher positioneasy to change
Shoe heightmoderately difficult to change
Foot stretcher angle / rakehard to change
Rigger pin position (span / spread)hard to change
Rigger pin pitch (fore/aft and lateral)hard to change
Oarlock heighteasy to change

My assessment of easy/moderate/hard is based on the amount of time, tools and skill needed to make a change. For example, a club who uses snap-lock washers on the oarlocks will find it very easy to change the oarlock heights on the water. Changing your slide position on the water is more challenging - but easy to do off the water with the boat on trestles. Adjusting the rigger pin takes tools, time and expertise and so is classified as hard.

Knowing what can be changed is a good starting point. Any change has to be made with reference to an "ideal" or preferred situation. Therefore rowing groups should all know some basic principles of rigging which can be adapted for taller or shorter people.

Key Rowing Rig Positions for athletes

1. Oar handle relative to the body at the finish (sweep and sculling)
2. Shoe height relative to seat height
3. Sill of oarlock relative to the water

There are some fixed positions that rowers should be able to achieve:
- Full compression at the catch, shins vertical, hips square off from the pin, oar spoons buried under the water
- At the sculling finish blades buried under the water, wrist and forearms flat, elbows at 90 degrees to the oar shaft, thumbs brushing your lower ribs
- At the sweep finish blades buried under the water, outside hand thumb brushes lower ribs
- Mid-recovery oar spoons capable of square blades above the water surface

These give you clear points in the rowing stroke cycle to check against what your athletes actually do when they are rowing. Note that many will be able to get into these positions when the boat is stationary, check if they actually do it while rowing continuously.

Easy rigging fixes for you to try

Problem: not enough space between the handles at the sculling finish - Move foot stretcher towards bow
- Shorten inboard on oars [keep outboard the same if the athlete is a novice]

Problem: Handles can go past the body at the sculling finish
- Move foot stretcher towards stern

Problem: Cannot get shins vertical at the catch
- Lower shoes on foot stretcher and / or
- Use a seat pad to raise seat height

Problem: Cannot get back rocked forward with shoulders in front of hips on recovery
- Lower shoes on foot stretcher and / or
- Use a seat pad to raise seat height - or two seat pads

Problem: Cannot keep oars buried at the finish under the water
- Lower oarlock height
- Use a seat pad to raise seat height

Problem: Tall athlete rowing with a shorter athlete
- Set oarlocks high / low for the tall / short athlete
- Shorten oar length and inboard for short athlete (keep outboard ratio the same)

Problem: Big shoes in the boat and athletes with smaller feet
- Wear neoprene beach shoes inside the boat shoes
- Raise the shoes as high as possible on the foot stretcher so the heels are elevated

Most rigging fixes are a combination of recognizing a problem and knowing what to try as a possible solution. As a rule, only make one change at a time, go rowing and see what the change is before making another change.

Marlene Royle and Rebecca Caroe coach at Faster Masters Rowing Programs, video & technique for masters .

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